Studio Glass

Studio glass normally means the modern studio glass movement in which individual artists working alone or with a few assistants to create works from molten glass in relatively small furnaces of a few hundred pounds of glass. studio glass began in the early 1960s and showed continued growth through the end of the century. The glass objects created are not primarily utilitarian but are intended to make a sculptural or decorative statement. On the market, studio glass s prices may range from a few hundred to tens of thousands of dollars..

Prior to the early 1960s, art glass would have referred to glass made for decorative use, usually by teams of factory workers, taking glass from furnaces with a thousand or more pounds of glass. This form of studio glass, of which Tiffany and Steuben in the U.S.A., Gallé in France and Hoya Crystal in Japan and Kosta Boda in Sweden are perhaps the best known, grew out of the factory system in which all glass objects were hand or mold blown by teams of 4 or more men.

In a studio glass workshop, ideally, "production work" (goblets, vases, pitchers, art marbles etc.) shows more hand worked variation than was allowed in pure factory work environment and each piece shows some of the lead glass worker's creativity, the gaffer. In addition to smaller production pieces, most studio glass workers also try to turn out larger individual Art glass pieces which might be the equivalent of a master piece in the journeyman system of guild and factory work.